The expansion of offshore wind energy (OWE) is of great importance on the road towards global carbon neutrality. However, offshore wind farms and the related infrastructure have potential impacts on marine biodiversity. To protect the flora and fauna of our seas when planning and operating OWE sites, we need to monitor their effects on the ecosystems. Harmonising data for the benefit of biodiversity and offshore wind practices is one of the objectives of the Offshore Coalition for Energy and Nature (OCEaN) initiated by RGI.
Against this background, RGI commissioned the present study based on a literature review, specialist work and research interviews in order to open the way to improvement and harmonisation in this field.
The key findings of the study are the following: