For each grid expansion project in Italy, a compensation scheme is developed by Terna and authorities. Possible compensation measures are environmental and urban requalification. The amount of money Terna can spend on each project for compensation is strictly regulated.
It is essential that the project is beneficial to all citizens and not only a portion of them. Possible measures are, for example, a public bike lane, a land use project, or contribution to a new road. Usually, the compensation is first discussed on the level of the region or province. A budget is set and a project is selected. The dialogue then usually moves to the municipal level under the coordination of the regions and provinces.