Payments by TSOs to communities who are present in the vicinity of new grid infrastructure have become common practice throughout Europe. These payments (also known as community compensation/gain/benefit) have been seen as a way to both increase local support and to supply an “appropriate benefit” to communities that host grid infrastructure. At the same time, such payments have been criticised as a tool to ‘buy’ local community support. Finding the right, legitimate approach to agree upon such payments is therefore of high importance.
This brochure looks to act as a knowledge-sharing tool by presenting five case studies of community payments from across Europe. Four of these case studies are from the electricity grid sector (Ireland, France, Italy and Germany) with a fifth coming from the wind energy sector in Scotland. By creating a common understanding of how TSOs and energy companies across Europe are designing and implementing their community payment schemes, we hope to facilitate the improvement in practice across Europe.